What is Bariatrics?
Posted on 15th , March 2012
Bariatrics is the branch of medicine which deals with the causes, prevention and treatment of obesity. Overweight and obesity are raising medical problems in the society today. According to a survey in 2005, 1.6 billion adults are overweight and around 400 million are obese. This figure proves that obesity is a medical problem of pandemic proportions.
An overweight or obese person has high probability of developing various health problems like diabetes, heart diseases, chronic musculoskeletal problems, Asthma, stroke and certain cancers etc. Generally obese people have a Body Mass Index (BMI) which cannot be considered as healthy for a given height. BMI is a formula which is used to calculate body fat based on individual's height and weight. BMI is calculated by dividing individual's body weight by the square of his height. BMI can also be determined through a BMI chart. Doctors and other healthcare professionals around the world use BMI to determine whether or not a person is overweight or obese. Adults whose BMI is between 25 and 30 are considered as clinically overweight. Adults whose BMI is higher than 30 come under the obese category.
The most effective way of losing weight is to make changes in once lifestyle and eating habits. People may find it difficult to lose weight on their own. But through help and motivation they can lose considerable amount of weight. Even a modest weight loss can help in reducing the risk of heart attacks in obese people.
Anti obesity drugs, behavior therapy, well balanced diet and regular exercise are first line of defense against weight gain. Majority of people are able to lose weight through these conventional treatments and with the help of bariatric exercise equipments. But if a person is extremely obese then a surgery may be required. Through surgery a person can lose considerable amount of weight in short span of time.
Medical Professionals use various types of bariatric equipments to carry out a surgery. The surgery which is carried out to achieve weight loss is known as bariatric surgery.
Types of Bariatric Equipments
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Author: Cascade Healthcare